A Comprehensive Overview of Ayurvedic Basic Principles

Ayurvedic Basic Principles

A Comprehensive Overview of Ayurvedic Basic Principles

Ayurveda is one of the wonderful ancient Indian medical practices having its roots deep to more than 5000 years old. This Indian cultural medical practice has emerged as one of the successful medical agenda among the global medical systems.

Owing to its incredible value, today around 80% of the world's population prefers Ayurveda in one or other way. But, why?

The ultimate factor that upholds this medical system is its basic principles. Get to know these basic principles of Ayurveda via this blog from Sri Sai Institute of Ayurvedic Research & Medicine.

What is Ayurveda?

Ayurveda is the ancient Indian medical practice that explicitly treats health ailments via natural resources and focuses on healthy living practices. With no or minimal side effects, Ayurveda is granting long-term cures to patients.

Ayurveda is majorly developed on certain fundamental principles which are detailed below.

Comprehensive Idea on Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda:

Ayurveda is built on certain essential aspects which together help in effective diagnosis, treatment and prevention of health ailments. Get to know these fundamentals of Ayurveda below.

Pancha Mahabhutas (Five Great Elements):

Pancha Mahabhutas are the five great elements which Ayurveda believe to contribute to the universe and human body. These 5 principles of Ayurveda are as follows:

  • Akash - Space
  • Vayu - Air
  • Agni - Fire
  • Jalam - Water
  • Prithvi - Earth

These five elements are together believed to contribute to three different energy modules of the human body, namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha. This three energy theory is Tridosha Theory.

Tridosha Theory:

Getting to know the Pancha Mahabhutas will help you understand the tridosha theory which is one of the fundamental principles of Ayurveda based on which diagnosis and treatments are extended to patients.

Here are the three doshas and their role in the human biological system.

Doshas Contributing Pancha Mahabhuta Elements Biological Role Play
Vata Air and Space Governs Movement, Communication & Creativity
Pitta Agni and Jalam Governs Metabolism, Digestion and Transformation
Kapha Jalam and Prithvi Governs Structure, Stability and Lubrication

Imbalance in these doshas are considered the contributing factor for health ailments and disorder, as per Ayurveda. The balanced constitution of three doshas is called Prakriti.

Prakriti (Constitution):

Each body is different with varying proportions of doshas. So, as per ayurveda principles, understanding one's constitution, i.e., prakriti is very important to analyse and diagnose the human individual for any health conditions and to progress with treatments.

These are the basic principles of Ayurveda. Beyond these, an Ayurvedic physician should also know the following factors.

Dhatus (Tissues):

Ayurveda recognises seven primary tissues or dhatus in the human body namely plasma, blood, muscle, fat, bone, marrow, and reproductive tissue. Knowing these dhatus is essential to comprehensively understand doshas and its effect on these dhatus for diagnosis and treatment.

Malas (Waste):

Ayurveda also focuses on Malas or waste out of the body and its proper excretion for proper health of the human body. Ayurveda examines Malas of patients for understanding the medical ailments as well.

Srotas (Circulating Channels):

Srotas are circulating channels for nutrients, fluids and waste products. Ayurveda also focuses on keeping these Srotas in a clean pathway for better metabolism of the human body.

On the whole, these are the Ayurveda information that are put together in the process of treating the patients.

Moving on, what about you becoming an Ayurvedic professional?

Wanna be one? Then it is time for you to pursue a BAMS degree after your science stream 12th grade.

Get to know about the BAMS course at Sri Sai Institute of Ayurvedic Research & Medicine below.

Also Read: The Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda and its Significance

Course Details of BAMS Degree at Sri Sai Institute of Ayurvedic Research and Medicine:

BAMS course is a primary-level Ayurvedic degree focussed on educating the foundation-level concepts of Ayurveda which includes medical practices, treatments, herbal knowledge, diagnostic expertise, etc. This course is an undergraduate level Ayurvedic course offered for a duration of 5.5 years which is divided into 4.5 years of theory and 1 year of compulsory rotatory internship.

Eligibility Criteria:

The basic eligibility criteria to pursue a BAMS degree at Sri Sai Institute of Ayurvedic Research & Medicine are as follows:

  • Candidates should have completed 10+2 in any recognized board with physics, chemistry, and biology as compulsory subjects (Or) candidates should have completed a diploma in any of the above-mentioned subjects
  • Candidates should have scored a minimum of 50% in the eligible course. A relaxation of 5% is provided for the reserved categories such as SC/ST/OBC.
  • Candidates should be a minimum of 17 years of age.

Admission Procedure:

Admission to BAMS degree at Sri Sai Institute of Ayurvedic Research & Medicine is based on the NEET ( National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) score.

Career Value:

BAMS degree holds a great career value due to the rapid progression of Ayurveda in the healthcare industry. Take a look at the Ayurveda industry development in recent years.

BAMS Course

A great range of job opportunities are available on pursuing a BAMS degree and some of them are as follows:

  • Resident Doctor
  • Clinical Research Associate
  • Medical Officer
  • Drug Research Associate
  • Quality Control Manager
  • Pharmacist
  • Lecturer
  • Sales Representative
  • Medical Transcriptionist
  • Research & Development Executive
  • Health Supervisor/Therapist

Get to know the earning value of these job positions below.

BAMS Course

On the whole, BAMS degree extends a great career in the Ayurvedic Industry.

With this, complete Ayurvedic details are covered in this blog.

Also Read: Top Reasons That Make BAMS Course Best in Ayurveda Field


As the concluding point, we would highlight that pursuing a BAMS degree will help you learn the basic principles of Ayurveda and emerge as one of the successful Ayurvedic professionals in the industry. Start your BAMS journey now with us.


  • What is the overview of Ayurveda?

    Ayurveda in general is an ancient medical practice of India that uses natural resources and medical practices to offer long term cure with no or minimal side effects.

  • Who is the father of Ayurveda?

    Charak is known as the father of Ayurveda and he wrote the famous Ayurvedic book “Charaka Samhitha”.

  • Why is Ayurveda important?

    Ayurveda is important in the medical system as it offers long-term cure with no or minimal side effects using the naturally available medical resources.

  • What is the aim of Ayurveda?

    The aim of Ayurveda is to provide a healthy lifestyle and complete cure for any health ailments via natural methods and processes.