Roga Nidan & Vikriti Vigyan (Pathology) Contribution to Ayurveda

Roga Nidan & Vikriti Vigyan


The ancient science of Ayurveda has been around for more than 3000 years, since the Early Vedic times in our Indian subcontinent. This term has been derived from the two words ‘ayur’ and ‘veda’ which mean life and knowledge respectively. Since the pandemic forced people to take their well-being seriously, this ancient science has been on an upsurge

Ayurveda is really unique as it is so old that even other popular forms of traditional medicine like TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) take inspiration from it. India has a lot of potentials when it comes to taking advantage of this homegrown brand of medicine and wellness. The AYUSH ministry (Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy) has played a major role in legitimizing this brand of holistic medicine. This is evident in the amount of Ayurvedic colleges that have popped up in the country, offering courses like BA to train certified doctors in Ayurveda.

One of the key branches of Ayurveda that many BAMS courses offer comprehensive training in is Roga Nidan and Vikriti Vigyan, which stands roughly for pathology. In this blog, we discuss the details of BA courses in India as well as the contribution of this branch to the science of Ayurveda. Read on to find out more.

Also Read : Why Should We Follow Ayurveda?

Ayurvedic Degree at Sri Sai Institute of Ayurvedic Research & Medicine:

Ayurveda, which literally translates to the “science of life”, has often been attributed to the goddess Dhanvantri when it comes to its origins. While that claim cannot be verified, what we do know is that since the ancient Vedic times, scholars and physicians like Sushruta and Charaka have played a great role in the development of this branch of medicine.

The BAMS course stands for Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery. This undergraduate course is the rough equivalent of an MBBS course, teaching students about the basics of Ayurvedic philosophies and treatment and diagnostic procedures.

Eligibility and Admission Criteria

The eligibility criteria to get into a BAMS course at Sri Sai Ayurvedic Medical College Bhopal, and most other Ayurvedic colleges in India are as follows:

  • 10+2 certificate from a recognized board or university with at least 50% marks in PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) subjects or a Government recognized equivalent certificate or diploma with the same subjects
  • NEET (National Entrance cum Eligibility Test) qualified
  • Minimum 17 years of age as of 31st December of the year of admission
  • Candidates belonging to the reserved categories also have relaxation as per state government norms

Duration of BAMS course

A BAMS course at any Ayurvedic college in Bhopaland the rest of India usually consists of 4 professionals and 1 compulsory rotatory internship. The first 3 professions last for a period of 1 year each with the final professional taking 18 months. The internship is for a period of 1 year to help the student gain practical experience in a hospital environment. This makes for a total of 5 years and 6 months for the entire course.


The typical syllabus of a BAMS course might look something like this:

First Professional Second Professional Third Professional Fourth Professional
Padartha Vigyan And Ayurved Itihas Dravyaguna Vigyan Agadtantra Kayachikitsa
Sanskrit Roga Nidan Swasthavritta Panchakarma
Kriya Sharir Rasashastra Prasuti Tantra Evum Stri Roga Shalya Tantra
Rachana Sharir Charak Samhita Kaumarbhritya Parichaya Shalakya Tantra
Maulik Siddhant Avum Ashtang Hridaya Diseases of Rasa Vaha Srotas Charak Samhita (Uttarardha) Research Methodology And Medical Statistics

Having seen details such as BAMS course duration, eligibility, fee structure, etc, let us move further to know why people favour ayurvedic treatment more.

Also Read : BAMS - Admission details, Subjects, Syllabus, Fees, and Scopee

Specialization in Ayurvedic Courses

Ayurveda courses like BAMS also offer students plenty of subjects to specialize in. Some of these specialized branches that students can pursue are mentioned below.

  • 1. Agad Tantra (Medical Jurisprudence & Toxicology)
  • 2. Dravya Guna (Materia Medica & Pharmacology)
  • 3. Maulika Siddhanta (Fundamental Principles)
  • 4. Bala Roga (Pediatrics)
  • 5. Panchakarma (Penta Bio-Purification Methods)
  • 6. Rasa Shastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana (Iatro-Chemistry)
  • 7. Kayachikitsa (Internal Medicine)
  • 8. Roga & Vikriti Vijnana (Clinical Medicine & Pathology)
  • 9. Swasthya Vritta (Preventive & Social Medicine)
  • 10. Sharira Kriya (Physiology)
  • 11. Sharira Rachana (Anatomy)
  • 12. Rasayana & Vajikarana (Geriatrics and Aphrodisiacs)
  • 13. Shalya Tantra (Surgery)
  • 14. Prasuti Stri Roga (Gynaecology & Obstetrics)
  • 15. Shalakya Tantra (ENT & Ophthalmology)

Roga Vigyan Evam Vikriti Vigyan

Roga & Vikriti Vijnana (Clinical Medicine & Pathology), also known as Roga Nidan and Vikriti Vigyan is the branch of Ayurveda that deals with the diagnosis of illnesses and their subsequent treatments. Nowadays, along with ancient diagnostics techniques, even modern methods like laboratory tests, blood tests, other pathological tests, ECS, X-ray, EEG, USG, etc are used.

The best Ayurvedic hospital in Bhopal, SRI SAI, has a well-equipped laboratory, with all the necessary equipment to keep in line with the ancient Ayurvedic philosophy of catching a disease in its early stages. This field of Ayurveda also makes use of pulse diagnosis (Nadi Pariksha) to make diagnoses.

Speech Language Pathology Treatment with Roga Nidan & Vikriti Vigyan

Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) is a globally recognized field of expertise that deals with the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of speech disorders. Ayurveda, specifically Roga Nidan & Vikriti Vigyan, has a time-tested treatment in speech language pathology which includes the consumption of:

  • Brahmi Oil
  • Black pepper, almond, and sugar candy
  • Amla (Gooseberry)
  • Cow's Butter (Clarified butter/Ghee)


The induction of BAMS courses as an alternative to Western medicine courses like MBBS has breathed new life into the ancient science of Ayurveda. Roga Nidan and Vikriti Vigyan in particular, are a very important part of BAMS courses and ayurvedic diagnostic procedures in general, as it deals with examining various samples and symptoms to perform a diagnosis. It can even help in the diagnosis and treatment of speech disorders, which often develop at an early age. Hence, we can say that the contribution of this branch of Ayurveda to the whole field is invaluable as it comprises the first step of any treatment in the science of Ayurveda.


1. Can I choose my specialization in a BAMS course?

No. While you will be taught every subject that can be specialised in a BAMS course, to actually specialize in one you have to take admission in Ayurveda postgraduate courses.

2. Is there any special procedure for taking Brahmi oil for speech therapy?

Yes. Ayurvedic practitioners advise taking 10 ml of Brahmi oil, heating it, and applying it on your head. This is to be done at least half an hour before taking a cold shower.

3. How do I make black pepper, almond, and sugar candy for speech pathology treatment?

To make the candy for speech pathology treatment, take black pepper and make a paste from it. Add 7 ground almonds to it, then mix with honey.

4. What is the examination type in a BAMS course?

The examination type in a BAMS course is yearly.