What is the Importance of Shalya Tantra in Ayurveda?

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Shalya Tantra focuses on the removal of foreign bodies (shalya), illnesses, and conditions requiring surgical or nonsurgical therapy ( treats diseases, injuries, and deformities by manual or operative methods.) Modern surgery has parallels with this field of study.

Shalya Tantra was well-liked since it provided quick relief as opposed to the gradual recuperation that came from using drugs or plants. The most renowned Ayurvedic physician, Charaka, also suggested Shalya Tantra for the treatment of several conditions that required prompt attention, such as haemorrhoids.

Shalya tantra practitioners use their knowledge of anatomy and physiology to diagnose diseases and disorders affecting the musculoskeletal system. They also use their skills in ayurvedic surgery to treat conditions that cannot be treated with conservative measures.

What is Shalya Tantra in Ayurveda?

Shalya tantra is one of the eight branches of Ayurveda. It is the branch of Ayurveda that deals with surgery. It includes techniques for treating illnesses through surgery, as well as methods for preventing and diagnosing surgical problems. It allows for the treatment of serious illnesses and injuries that cannot be cured through other means.

One of the unique branches of Ashtang Ayurveda is Shalyatantra. The Ayurvedic Shalyatantra describes and illustrates surgical techniques that have been utilized for thousands of years and are still effective today.

  •  The globe today is turning to Ayurveda for all-encompassing disease therapy. Research can be done to find minimally invasive surgical procedures and treatments for ailments like those mentioned in the Shalyatantra. In fact, wound healing has increased in importance even in modern times.
  •  This department's focus now includes orthopedics, surgery, and para-surgical methods. The department's major goal is to familiarise the students with the basics of surgical disorders, various disabilities, deformities, traumas, fractures, congenital and acquired illnesses, etc.
  •  The principles of modern surgery were invented by this field.
  •  It is a highly advanced surgical technique that eliminates an irritant from the body.
  •  The patient receiving this treatment feels alleviation more quickly from their issues.
  •  When medication is unable to resolve the issue, this excellent tool is the last line of defense.
  •  In Ayurveda, it is still the approach that is most frequently used.
  •  The Shalya Tantra gives descriptions of various bandages, sharp objects, sutures, and even anesthetics.
Also Read: Importance of holistic ayurvedic lifestyle

What Are the Benefits of Shalya Tantra?

Shalya tantra is based on the principle of balancing the three doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Shalya tantra uses a variety of techniques to remove blockages in the body and restore balance. These include massage, herbal medicines, and acupuncture.

  •  The branch is considered to be highly effective in the management of diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system, joints, and soft tissues.
  •  It is also known to be helpful in the management of surgical procedures and trauma.
  •  Various studies have shown that shalya tantra is highly effective in the management of diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system, joints, and soft tissues. The branch is also known to be helpful in the management of surgical procedures and trauma.
  •  Some of the common diseases that can be cured by shalya tantra are hernia, fistula, gallstones, kidney stones, etc. Ayurvedic surgery is also very effective in treating cancer.

Departments of Shalya Tantra

There are three main divisions within the Shalya Tantra Department:

  •  Surgery: Procedures requiring Surgical & Parasurgical Interventions
  •  Orthopaedics: Orthopedic surgery or Orthopaedics, is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
  •  Marmachikitsa: It is the branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the musculoskeletal systems (muscles, bones & joints)

The surgical aspect mostly focuses on anorectal cases, such as piles, fissures, polyps, and rectal prolapse.

  •  Numerous non-healing ulcers, including diabetic and venous ulcers
  •  Arterio Venous conditions, such as varicose veins, T.A.O., etc.
  •  Other Disorders Like:-Inflammatory conditions of Skin & Soft tissues, abscesses, warts, etc.

The main orthopedic aspects are fractures and dislocations.

  •  Spine disorders include cervical spondylosis, lumbar spondylosis, and others.
  •  Degenerative diseases, including the knee, etc.
  •  Tennis elbow, CTS, a calcaneal spur, and other conditions.

A few significant therapeutic techniques are: — the Kshara sutra and Kshara application

  •  Bloodletting (Raktha Mokshana), leech therapy (Jaloukavacharnna), cauterization therapy (Agnikarma), wound-healing methods (Wound Healing Technique), bandages, etc.
  •  Marmachikitsa's management of orthopedic cases
  •  Fracture prevention

What Are the Precautions to Be Taken While Undergoing Shalya Tantra Treatment?

Before you undergo Shalya tantra treatment, it is important to understand the precautions that need to be taken. Here are a few:

  •  Shalya tantra surgery should only be performed by a qualified ayurvedic doctor.
  •  Do not take any food or drink 12 hours before the treatment.
  •  Make sure you are well-hydrated before the treatment begins.
  •  Inform the doctor if you are pregnant or have any other health conditions.
  •  Do not smoke or drink alcohol before or after the treatment.
  •  Follow the doctor's instructions carefully and do not hesitate to ask questions if you don't understand something
Also Read: Top 5 Ways To Make Your Career in Ayurveda

Yantra in Shalya Tantra

According to Ayurvedic scriptures, the primary materials utilized to create the Shalya tantric instruments were wood, stone, wide leaves, tree branches, and several other organic elements. Ligatures were replaced by a creeper or a climbing plant. The ancient Shalya tantra technique was particularly well-liked, especially because it offered quicker relief than other methods. Shalya Chikitsa was the procedure of choice for ailments that required prompt treatment.

Shalya tantra's only significant flaw was likely the absence of the necessary aseptic measures at the time. Additionally, because the tools were unfinished and primitive, using them hurt.

Best Ayurveda Colleges in India

Sri Sai Institute of Ayurvedic Research and Medicine is one of the best Ayurvedic institutes in India. Among all the top Ayurveda colleges/institutes Sri Sai is quite popular among students from different parts of the country. The faculty of this institute is highly qualified and trained. They also provide the best placement opportunities to their students so that they can earn experience and a good sort of amount.


Shalya tantra is an important branch of Ayurveda that deals with surgery. It is said to have been compiled by a sage named Kashyapa. The main aim of shalya tantra is to restore and maintain the health of the body. Ayurveda considers the body to be a temple and believes in preventive medicine.

Shalya tantra helps in diagnosing problems and providing suitable treatment. It is a very important branch of Ayurveda and should be studied by all ayurvedic practitioners.